Beauty of Madrid


Madrid  is the capital of Spain, and the largest municipality of the Community of Madrid. The population of the city is almost 3.2 million with a metropolitan area population of approximately 6.5 million. It is the third-largest city in the European Union, after London and Berlin, and its metropolitan area is the third-largest in the European Union after London and Paris. Located in south-western Europe, the city spans a total of 604.3 km2 (233.3 sq mi).
The city is located on the Manzanares in the centre of both the country and the Community of Madrid (which comprises the city of Madrid, its conurbation and extended suburbs and villages); this community is bordered by the autonomous communities of Castile and León and Castile-La Mancha. As the capital city of Spain, seat of government, and residence of the Spanish monarch, Madrid is also the political, economic and cultural centre of Spain. The current mayor is Manuela Carmena from Ahora Madrid.
Although it is believed to have existed since prehistoric times, not many people know, the person who gave the name of the largest city in Spain are Muslims. The modern history of Madrid was built by the Royal Islamic Cordoba Amir Muhammad I.

Madrid name came from the Arabic word "Al Majrit", which means the place of gushing water, water source, or sources of water channels (Arabic: المجريط "water source"). Called 'Al Majrit' due near palace built by Muhammad I, there is Manzanares river, which called by Muslims 'al-Majrīṭ'. Manzanares River turn into the main water source. Then, the name 'al-Majrit' became a local modern spelling so that it becomes Madrid.
Madrid is one of the magnificent city and metropolitan city which has always been a tourist destination for a vacation. Madrid of course has many vacation spots we should not miss if one day we went to Spain's capital city. Here are some vacation spots in Madrid :
1.     Plaza Mayor
A visit to the big city of Madrid is certainly not complete if we don’t come to the Plaza Mayor which is a main square that is a rectangular shape. Don’t bother to reach this place because it is located in the center of Madrid and if we don’t t know which way to turn any, tourists can easily ask to any people because this location is the one of the most popular main square in the Spanish capital. Tours of the building is remarkable for its architecture on average similar to each other and always has 4 levels.

Shops and cafes usually occupies the first floor, so the ground floor usually used to do business. As for the 2nd, 3rd and 4th, local residents use as residences, hotels and apartments. Celebrations such as the Festival of San Idiro also usually
uses this place for deployment, the following is  also Christmas Market. So, you could say this Plaza Mayor is not the usual main square cause is considered as the center of the crowd with a variety of events. Travelers can simply walk, sit, portrait-photographing or a culinary tour of the cafes nearby.
2.     Retiro Park
Walk around Madrid would be more exciting with entering Retiro Park to the list of your vacation destination. Most tourists probably not too familiar with the park that was once a palace garden. This tourist attraction is very convenient and can provide peace that the visitors are looking to get away for a moment from the noisy and busy city life. The most important charm of this location is the fountain and its beautiful lake below panorama around that seemed to bring coolness endless.

Not far from the Prado Museum, this park is located behind the Prado and this park always crowded with visitors. Not only famous and crowded with tourists, even locals would be seen strolling along with family and friends at this park, especially on Sunday afternoon. Retiro Park is a place that is used as a community center and will always crowded because not only the adults were pleased gathered there. Many children choose Retiro Park to play roller skating, even some children like to play petanca and usually this is done by men who are old.

3.     Plaza de Espana
This tourist destination is no less famous than other objects that exist in Madrid. The main attraction of this great and magniicients tourist location is the presence of a monument, dedicated to Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra. From this plaza is not too far to get to the Palacio Real, or Royal Palace if you want to go for a walk around there. Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra was a leading writer of his day and the monument was designed by two famous architects Pedro Muguruza and  Rafael Martinez Zapatero and also a sculptor named Lorenzo CoullautValera.

Most part of the monument has been
constructioning since in 1925-1930, so you could say it was very old monument. Starting in that year, completion of construction is known to exist in 1956 and 1957 that been done by the boys from the sculptor, namely Federico Coullaut-Valera Mendigutía. Plaza de Espana is also the name of a Metro station that is located on the east plaza.

·         Plaza de Espana is open from Monday to Thursday with operating hours from 9 am to 7 pm, while Friday is open from 9 am to 3 pm only.
·         Visitors don’t have to pay to be able to enjoy the sights on this place.

4.     Royal Palace or Palacio Real
If you want to see the palace in Spain, visit to the Palacio Real when you are in Madrid. If England had Buckingham Palace, then Spain in the capital have Royal Palace. Status of this palace is the official residence and the location is known to be the official residence of the royal family, but in fact the Palacio Real are not used for housing the Spanish royal family. The Royal Palace is still active, but its use is more to the location of important events like ceremonies and state receptions.

Visitors will be satisfied with the beauty of each piece in the complex
of Palacio Real, including a courtyard garden and a huge, beautiful yard. Maybe some travelers wondering what the real highlight of the tour that allows visitors to get in? A large staircase, the throne room, a collection of armor and their clothes in the pharmacy section of the palace is so interesting and unique, even you will find an assortment of strange concoction in it.

Palacio Real has two operational schedule. The first is from October to March operating from a half hour from 10 am to 5 pm on normal days, while on Sundays and public holidays open from 9 am to 2 pm. The second is from April to September with opening hours from 9 am to 6 pm on regular days, while for Sundays and public holidays open from 9 am to 3 pm.

5.     Estadio Santiago Bernabeu
The Santiago Bernabeu Stadium  is the current home stadium of Real Madrid. Santiago Bernabeu is one of the world's most famous and prestigious football venues. It has hosted the European Cup final on four occasions: in 1957, 1969, 1980, the UEFA Champions League Final in 2010. The final matches for the 1964 European Nations' Cup and the 1982 FIFA World Cup were also held at the Bernabéu.

 History and description

In the early parts of the 20th century, Real Madrid first played at Campo De O’Donnell, and then moved to the larger Campo de Chamartín in 1924.
In 1943, Chamartin had already become too small again, and club-president Santiago Bernabéu decided that Madrid needed a new and modern 100,000-stadium.
This new stadium got built at the same site of Campo de Chamartín. Construction began in 1945, and on the 14th of December 1947 Estadio Santiago Bernabéu officially opened with a match against Portuguese champions OS Belenenses (3-1).
The stadium was initially still called Nuevo Estadio Chamartin, but received the name of the club-president eight years later.
At that time, Estadio Santiago Bernabéu consisted of two uncovered tiers that could hold just over 75,000 spectators. Capacity was further increased to 125,000 in 1954, when one of the long sides got expanded with a third tier.
The Bernabéu was together with Camp Nou playing venue of the Euro 1964 Championships, hosting one of the two semi-finals and the final between Spain and the Soviet Union (2-1).
Towards the end of the 1970s, the stadium had already started to age, and club officials started making plans to build a new stadium in the north of the city.
However, with the perspective of the 1982 World Cup it was instead decided to renovate the Bernabéu, which included the construction of a roof over the three two-tiered stands and the installation of seats in half of the stadium. As a result, capacity was reduced to 90,800 places.
During the 1982 World Cup, Estadio Santiago Bernabéu hosted three matches in the second group stage and the final between Italy and West Germany (3-1).
In the 1990s, UEFA required the stadium to become an all-seater, which would have reduced capacity to 50,000 seats. Club president Mendoza therefore started an extensive redevelopment program that included extending the third tier over the entire stadium, the creation of corporate facilities, and four access towers in each corner of the stadium. Works started in 1992 and were completed two years later.
Estadio Santiago Bernabéu got further refurbished an upgraded between 2001 and 2006. Works most of all focused on improving corporate facilities, and were concluded in 2006 with the construction of a roof over the one remaining uncovered stand.
In its history, Estadio Santiago Bernabéu has hosted four European Cup and Champions League finals. The first final was in 1957 between Real Madrid and Fiorentina (2-0), the second in 1969 between AC Milan and Ajax (4-1), the third in 1980 between Nottingham Forest and Hamburg (1-0), and the last one in 2010 between Internazionale and Bayern Munich (2-0).
In 2012, Real Madrid presented plans to further upgrade the stadium with commercial and corporate facilities, and to increase capacity to over 90,000 seats. Four architects were asked to present designs, from which the winner was chosen later in 2013. However, the project was first put on hold due to an investigation of the European Union into the granting of illegal state aid, and later rejected by the Madrid city council.

How to get to the Bernabéu

Estadio Santiago Bernabéu is located in central Madrid on the Paseo de la Castellana, one of Madrid’s principal avenues. The stadium lies about 4 kilometres north of the Plaza de Cibeles, where the Paseo de la Castellana originates. It is a similar distance from Puerta del Sol, one of Madrid’s main squares.
The stadium is best reached by metro line 10. Stop Santiago Bernabéu lies right next to the stadium. In the centre, line 10 can be caught at Plaza de España or Tribunales, but can otherwise be reached with a transfer (e.g. line 1 from Puerta del Sol or Atocha train station).
From Atocha, Paseo del Prado, or Plaza de Cibeles one can also take bus 14 or 27 to get to the stadium. Take bus 14 in the direction of Avenida Pio XII. It passes the stadium on the Paseo La Habana. Take bus 27 in the direction of Plaza de Castilla, and get off at Plaza Lima, right in front of the stadium.
From metro station Callao in the city centre, one can take bus 147. Take the bus in the direction of Barrio del Pilar and get off at Plaza Lima.
From Puerta del Sol one can take bus 150 in the direction of Colonia Virgen del Cortijo. Again, get off at Plaza Lima.

Av. de Concha Espina 1, 28036 Madrid, Spain
Real Madrid CF
Real Madrid
Executive Suites
85.454 seats
Field Size
105 m × 68 m (344 ft × 223 ft)
Mixto Hybrid Grass Technology

There is a tour of the stadium which will allow you to enjoy views of every room including the Presidential Box, Press Room, as well as rooms used for displaying their trophies. There is also a changing room following players lockers that can be found in the building of the stadium. Not to forget, visitors can find the existence of a museum where the history of Real Madrid is illustrated fully there.


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